2 (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed
3 audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; "he despised them for their presumptuousness" [syn: presumptuousness, effrontery, assumption]
4 a kind of discourtesy in the form of an act of presuming; "his presumption was intolerable"
the act of presuming, or something presumed
- Finnish: oletus
the belief of something based upon reasonable evidence, or upon something known to be true
the condition upon which something is presumed
In the law of evidence, a presumption of a particular fact can be made without the aid of proof in some situations. The types of presumption includes a rebuttable discretionary presumption, a rebuttable mandatory presumption, and an irrebutable or conclusive presumption. The invocation of a presumption will normally shift the burden of proof from one party to the opposing party in a court trial. Presumptions are sometimes categorized into two types: presumptions without basic facts, and presumptions with basic facts.
- types: Rebuttable presumption, Conclusive presumption
- examples of presumption without basic facts: Presumption of innocence,
- example of presumption with basic facts: Presumption of death, e.g law says if a person has missing for 7 years or more (basic fact), that person shall be presumed to be dead.
presumption in German: Vermutung (Recht)
presumption in Spanish: Presunción (derecho)
presumption in French: Présomption
presumption in Hebrew: חזקה (הנחה מבוססת)
presumption in Russian: Презумпция
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