AskDefine | Define presumption

Dictionary Definition

presumption

Noun

1 an assumption that is taken for granted [syn: given, precondition]
2 (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed
3 audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; "he despised them for their presumptuousness" [syn: presumptuousness, effrontery, assumption]
4 a kind of discourtesy in the form of an act of presuming; "his presumption was intolerable"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From præsumptionem.

Noun

  1. the act of presuming, or something presumed
  2. the belief of something based upon reasonable evidence, or upon something known to be true
  3. the condition upon which something is presumed
  4. arrogant behaviour

Translations

the act of presuming, or something presumed
the belief of something based upon reasonable evidence, or upon something known to be true
the condition upon which something is presumed
arrogant behaviour

Extensive Definition

In the law of evidence, a presumption of a particular fact can be made without the aid of proof in some situations. The types of presumption includes a rebuttable discretionary presumption, a rebuttable mandatory presumption, and an irrebutable or conclusive presumption. The invocation of a presumption will normally shift the burden of proof from one party to the opposing party in a court trial. Presumptions are sometimes categorized into two types: presumptions without basic facts, and presumptions with basic facts.
presumption in German: Vermutung (Recht)
presumption in Spanish: Presunción (derecho)
presumption in French: Présomption
presumption in Hebrew: חזקה (הנחה מבוססת)
presumption in Russian: Презумпция

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

adventurousness, allegory, allusion, apriorism, aptitude, arcane meaning, arrogance, aspiration, assumption, assurance, assured faith, attitude, audaciousness, audacity, axiom, basis, belief, bias, boldness, brashness, brass, brazenness, brinkmanship, bumptiousness, butting-in, chance, cheek, cheekiness, cheerful expectation, chutzpah, climate of opinion, coloration, common belief, community sentiment, conceit, concept, conception, conclusion, confidence, conjecture, connotation, consensus gentium, consideration, contumely, conviction, courage fou, courting disaster, crust, daredevilry, daredeviltry, daring, deduction, dependence, desire, doomed hope, effrontery, entailment, estimate, estimation, ethos, evidence, expectation, eye, face, fair expectation, fair prospect, faith, familiarity, favorable prospect, feasibility, feeling, fervent hope, fire-eating, flirting with death, foolhardiness, forejudgment, forwardness, gall, general belief, going for broke, good chance, good cheer, good hope, great expectations, grounds, guess, guesswork, hardihood, harebrainedness, high hopes, hint, hope, hopeful prognosis, hopefulness, hopes, hoping, hoping against hope, hubris, hypothesis, idea, immodesty, impertinence, implication, implied meaning, import, imposition, impression, impudence, inference, innuendo, inquisitiveness, insolence, intermeddling, intimation, intrusiveness, involvement, ironic suggestion, judgment, lawlessness, liability, liberties, liberty abused, license, licentiousness, lights, likelihood, likeliness, meaning, meddlesomeness, meddling, metaphorical sense, mind, mystique, nerve, notion, nuance, observation, obtrusiveness, occult meaning, odds, officiousness, opinion, outlook, overconfidence, overtone, overweening, overweeningness, parti pris, personal judgment, plausibility, playing with fire, point of view, popular belief, posit, position, postulate, postulation, postulatum, posture, prayerful hope, preapprehension, preconception, preconclusion, preconsideration, predecision, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, prejudgment, prejudication, prejudice, premature judgment, premise, premiss, prenotion, prepossession, presumptive evidence, presumptuousness, presupposal, presupposition, presurmise, prevailing belief, pride, probabilism, probability, procacity, promise, proposition, prospect, prospects, public belief, public opinion, pushiness, reaction, reason, reasonable ground, reasonable hope, reliance, sanguine expectation, security, sentiment, set of postulates, sight, stance, stand, subsense, subsidiary sense, subsumption, suggestion, supposal, supposing, supposition, surmise, suspicion, symbolism, temerity, tendency, theory, thesis, thinking, thought, tinge, touch, trust, undercurrent, undermeaning, undertone, undue liberty, uppishness, uppityness, verisimilitude, view, way of thinking, well-grounded hope, working hypothesis
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